Penetration test or intrusion test in short, is a process of attacking a computer system to test its security. It is also known as ethical hacking.
Pen testers use the same techniques as hackers, but with the permission of the organization being tested. In this blog post, we will discuss the different types of penetration testing, common strategies used by penetration testers, and the importance of penetration testing.
What are the types of penetration testing?
Penetration testing is a type of penetration testing that involves attempting to gain unauthorized access to computer systems and networks. The purpose of a penetration test is to identify vulnerabilities in an organization’s network or computers, which can be exploited by malicious actors to cause damage or compromise sensitive data.
Here are some of the most common forms of penetration testing:
- Network Penetration Test (NPT) – Network test pen attempts to identify weaknesses in the perimeter firewall and/or network.
- Web Application Pen Test (WAPT) – WAPT focuses on web applications such as websites, e-commerce sites, online banking, etc., which may contain security vulnerabilities. These small flaws in the application can lead to a leak of confidential data
- Social engineering pen tests – A social engineering test is designed to detect potential threats posed by human interaction with a system. For example, a social engineering penetration test may attempt to determine if a user has been tricked into disclosing personal information.
Common pentesting strategies
Pen testers use a variety of strategies to find vulnerabilities in systems. Some common strategies include:
– Social engineering: In social engineering, the pen-tester uses deception and manipulation to trick people into divulging information that can be used to gain access to the system.
– brute force: in brute force, the pen tester tries to guess passwords or other credentials until they succeed.
– SQL injection: In SQL injection, the pen tester inserts malicious code into an input field to execute unauthorized commands on the server.
Penetration testing software
Pentesters use software used by blackhat hackers but they use it legitimately. They also stress test the target, try known passwords and social engineering to gain access. After penetrating the network, pen testers report their findings, including vulnerabilities and recommendations for tightening security.
Pen testers use a variety of tools to find vulnerabilities in systems. Some common tools include
– Metasploit: Metasploit is a tool that allows penetration testers to exploit system vulnerabilities.
– Nmap: Nmap is a tool that allows pen testers to find open ports and services on a system.
– Burp Suite: Burp Suite is a tool that allows penetration testers to intercept and modify network traffic.
– Hydra: Hydra is a tool that allows pen testers to brute force passwords and other credentials.
What is the difference between vulnerability scans and penetration testing?
One of the biggest differences between a vulnerability scan and a penetration test is the methodology used. Vulnerability scans are an automated tool intended to find well-known vulnerabilities in your systems. Vulnerability scans can be done quickly to assess your security posture, but they won’t take into account all vulnerabilities or risks to your systems.
Vulnerability scans are automated tools that analyze known vulnerabilities in systems. The tool examines the system and reports open ports on your servers, any kind of configuration issues or known vulnerabilities in the systems (e.g. outdated software), etc.
A penetration test is a manual attack used to find unknown vulnerabilities. In a penetration test, you give an experienced pentester access to your system and they will attempt to break into the system using their experience and skills. In both situations, a report is generated with recommendations on how to make the systems less vulnerable to attacks.
Why is penetration testing important?
Penetration testing is an invaluable method of ensuring that an organization’s network and devices are protected against threats. Penetration testing is a proactive approach to security; they allow organizations to identify vulnerabilities in their systems and make the necessary fixes before malicious actors can exploit them. By regularly testing their systems, businesses can reduce the risk of being compromised by hackers and protect their data and reputation.
It allows organizations to identify vulnerabilities in their systems and make the necessary fixes before they can be exploited by malicious actors. By performing regular penetration testing, organizations can reduce the risk of being compromised by hackers and protect their data and reputation.
Penetration testing is an important part of security for any organization. It is considered more in-depth than a typical system scan because it uses the same tools and techniques that real hackers would use to gain unauthorized access to a system. This gives him a high probability of discovering flaws that would otherwise remain hidden. By understanding the types of tests available, the common strategies used, and the tools available, organizations can ensure that they are doing everything possible to protect their systems.